Hi, I’m Fernando and I’ll be with you presenting each of the tenses in Spanish, and I’ll try to do it in the most useful way possible. So let’s “start at the beginning”, as they say in Mexico, with Present tense in Spanish.
Today you will know in which situations you can use it and how to use it, plus the part that for many foreign people is more complicated: the conjugation, but if you use it many times and, above all, you listen to it repeatedly, you will eventually get used to it and find the repetitions and systematic ways to learn it.
So in this Present tense in Spanish blog we will learn the three most usual ways of using the present tense, one of which includes the future! (don’t worry it’s very easy); the habits or routines we do in daily life, and, of course, the present, what happens now. Let’s go.
Table of Contents
“Un día normal en mi vida, despierto a las 7.30 am, pongo un poco de música en el teléfono y sigo acostado en mi cama; a las 8 voy a la cocina y caliento un poco de agua, dejo el agua en la estufa y voy al baño, lavo mi cara, sonrío frente al espejo y hago gestos raros.
Vuelvo a la cocina, sirvo el agua en un vaso con limón y disfruto ese sabor ácido en la boca. Si la mañana no es tan fría, salgo a dar un paseo sencillo, rápido, camino por el barrio y, si hay sol, me siento en una banca y leo algo ligero. Vuelvo a casa, preparo un café y mientras tanto, hago tai-chi.
Usualmente, como pan con mantequilla, agrego un poco de jitomate y queso. Tomo el café caliente y ligero, escucho los ruidos de la calle mientras desayuno. Después de desayunar, escribo un poco. Finalmente tomo un baño y salgo a trabajar.”
This is the first function of the present tense in Spanish. Now the translation, but first, even if you don’t understand anything, analyze the repetitions, what is similar, have you noticed? I am the subject and the present tense verbs always have the same ending for YO, it is the letter O: tomO, lavO, preparaO, soríO, caminO.
“A normal day in my life, I wake up at 7.30 am, put some music on the phone and continue lying in my bed; at 8 am I go to the kitchen and heat some water, leave the water on the stove and go to the bathroom, wash my face, smile in front of the mirror and make weird gestures.
I go back to the kitchen, pour the water in a glass with lemon and enjoy that sour taste in my mouth. If the morning is not so cold, I go out for a simple, quick walk, I walk around the neighborhood and, if it’s sunny, I sit on a bench and read something light. I come home, make a coffee and in the meantime, I do tai-chi.
I usually eat bread with butter, add some tomato and cheese. I drink the coffee hot and light, listen to the noises of the street while having breakfast. After breakfast, I do some writing. Finally I take a bath and go out to work.”
2. Present of the Present
“Escribo un blog, tecleo rápido porque a mi lado tengo un reloj que uso para no tardar demasiado en escribir. Tengo también una pequeña libreta con mis notas. Leo en las notas y después escribo tan rápido como puedo. Escucho música mientras escribo. Suena una canción que me gusta mucho. La canción se llama Venice de Hania Rania, la conoces?
Afuera está soleado, veo a lo lejos las montañas y están verdes, verdes. Aquí, donde vivo hay mucha humedad y por eso casi todo el año es verde. Afuera, en la calle, pasan los autos, las personas llevan sus perros y una mujer está esperando a su perro a que termine de hacer pipí (hahahha). Otras personas caminan rápido, llevan prisa, otros compran cosas en las tiendas, una mujer compra un café, un hombre compra el periódico, una mujer joven fuma un cigarro mientras camina.”
Now, the translation. You already know that everything is in the present tense, it’s about what is happening as I write this blog, the second function of the present tense, talking about the present. You probably already noticed that I use the O when I am the actor of what is happening, but afterwards, depending on the actor, on the subject, the ending changes. I will explain this in the fourth section of this blog, present tense in Spanish.
“I write a blog, I type fast because I have a clock next to me that I use to not take too long to write. I also have a small notebook with my notes. I read in the notes and then write as fast as I can. I listen to music while I write. A song plays that I like a lot. The song is called Venice by Hania Rania, do you know her?
It’s sunny outside, I see the mountains in the distance and they are green, green. Here, where I live there is a lot of humidity and that’s why it’s green almost all year round. Outside, in the street, cars are passing by, people are carrying their dogs and a woman is waiting for her dog to finish peeing (hahahha). Other people walk fast, they are in a hurry, others buy things in the stores, a woman buys a coffee, a man buys the newspaper, a young woman smokes a cigarette while walking.”
3. Future with present
“El lunes voy con una amiga a la playa, vamos a caminar y comemos en un restaurante junto al mar. Mañana, tengo una práctica en la universidad, una maestra nos enseña el museo de arte contemporáneo. Seguramente una compañera lleva su abrigo negro, le gusta mucho usarlo cuando vamos de práctica.”
Now the translation. The third function of the present tense in Spanish All the actions you read are actions that will happen in the future, but I am so sure of them, that they will happen that I use the present tense. It is a habit to do so and in fact, we could mix it with the future, that depends on each speaker.
“On Monday I go with a friend to the beach, we go for a walk and eat at a restaurant by the sea. Tomorrow, I have an internship at the university, a teacher shows us the museum of contemporary art. Surely a colleague is wearing her black coat, she likes to wear it a lot when we go to practice.”
4. How to use Present Tense
As you saw, present tense in Spanish is used to:
To talk about actions that happen in the present tense.
For example: “Yo hablo”, “Tú escuchas”.
to talk about habitual actions, that is, not what is happening at the moment, but something that ALWAYS happens.
For example: “Todas las mañanas yo tomo un café”.
We can also use the present indicative to talk about future things (when we are very sure that they will happen).
For example: “Mañana salgo a dar un paseo con mi amiga”.
Now, the grammar of present tense in Spanish, each person, YO, TÚ, ELLA, ÉL, NOSOTROS or NOSOTRAS, USTEDES and ELLOS, ELLAS, carries, uses a different ending in each tense, in present tense they are the following:
YO como / hablo
Tú comes / hablas
Él/ Ella come / habla
Nosotros / nosotras comemos / hablamos
Ustedes / ellas / ellos comen / hablan
I eat / speak
You eat / speak
He/she eats / speaks
We eat / speak
You / they eat / speak
I wrote two different verbs because as you know, and if I don’t explain very quickly, there are three types of verbs in Spanish, which in their basic form end in -AR -ER -IR and depending on what they end in, is how they change. I know! This part can be tricky at first, but I promise it’s not as hard as it seems. Plus we can help you.
So comER and hablAR are verbs that are conjugated differently in the present tense, and every verb ending in ER is conjugated as comER (beber, ver…) and also the ones ending in -IR like vivIR (pedir, sufrir…), ER / IR are conjugated the same. And verbs ending in AR are conjugated as hablAR.
6. We can help!
The most important thing is to start using present tense in Spanish, because it is easy and you already know in which situations, then we can help you to correct the mistakes and practice a lot, either watching the videos on our youtube channel or reading more blogs or also with one of our personalized classes.
If you have any doubt, write us. See you soon, Fernando