In Mexico there are a lot of archaeological sites which have many monuments and temples from ancient civilizations and these continue to be subjects of research for many archaeologists around the world, so I will show you 5 places that are well known for their pyramids in Mexico.
List of Pyramids in Mexico
The ruins of an enormous Mayan city are characterized by their great architectural splendor. This archaeological site of Uxmal is relatively close to Chichén Itzá and the city of Mérida. The complex extends over an area of 150 hectares.
It is interesting to see the unconventional design of the soothsayer’s pyramid, the Monastery Plaza, the Great Pyramid and the Dovecote. The ruins of Uxmal are characterized by a distinctive ornamental finish in comparison with the rest of the Mayan ruins. Well-preserved columns, intricate ornamental patterns, bird and animal figurines and decorative elements can be seen everywhere. At the top of the Great Pyramid offers a panoramic view of Uxmal and the lush jungle that embraces it.
2. Chichén Itzá
Chichén Itzá attracts travelers from around the world as one of the largest archaeological parks in the Yucatán Península. The complex covers an area of 2.5 square kilometers and is visited daily by 10,000 tourists on average.
The most famous structure is the Kukulcán pyramid, which is 24 meters high and has 365 steps on its four sides. Unfortunately, climbing the pyramid is not allowed anymore. But you can still visit other interesting places such as the Temple of the Warriors, the House of the Deer, the Observatory or the structures of the ball game or a deep cenote that was used for sacrifices for the god of the rain Tlaloc.
Located in the tropical jungle of the province of Chiapas, near the Usumacinta River, the ruins of Palenque are impressive for their size and the magnificence of how the buildings have been preserved. In about 15 square kilometers, thousands of ancient structures have been found so far.
The archaeological area includes the “Temple of the Sun”, the “Temple of the Cross”, the “Temple of the Inscriptions”, the ruins of the palace and many other buildings. In addition, one of the most important is the “Temple of the Inscriptions”, where a sarcophagus with the tomb of one of the greatest rulers of Palenque was found.
The pyramid of Cholula, of which I have already spoken in the blog the most interesting facts about Mexico, is located 12 kilometers from Puebla and 130 kilometers from Mexico City. The name of the pyramid is “Tlachiualtepetl” meaning: “handmade hill”. It is considered the largest pyramid in the world, even larger than the pyramids of Giza in Egypt. Although it is only 65 meters long, the width of the top of the pyramid is gigantic, between 400 and 450 meters. The pyramid is partially assembled, and its base is 10 meters underground, making it appear lower.
The pyramid was built from the 3rd century BC to the 8th century AD, and was dedicated to the “serpent king” Quetzalcóatl. At its peak, Cholula was the second largest city in Mesoamerica, with a population of up to 100,000 inhabitants. When the Spaniards arrived in the country, a church was built on top of the pyramid in 1594 and is still in use today.
It is located in an extensive valley in central Mexico, about 2,300 meters above the sea level, the same altitude as Mexico City, this site is only about 50 km away and has two of the most outstanding pyramids, the pyramid of the sun and the pyramid of the moon.
The pyramid of the sun has 260 steps, symbolizing the different phases of the solar cycle, 52 for each of them. Its height is 64 meters, and is one of the largest pyramids of Mesοmеrica.
The Pyramid of the Moon is smaller with 45 meters high and is believed to be a reduced copy of the Pyramid of the Sun as it was built much later.
if you want to keep learning more things about Mexico I recommend you to visit also the great museums in Mexico City.
pramids in mexico
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